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Hatteras brochure - Request a quote - Custom Femtosecond Transient Absorption Data Acquisition Systems


Femtosecond Transient Absorption Measurements system Hatteras Femtosecond Transient Absorption Measurements system Hatteras.
Future nanostructures and biological nanosystems will take advantage not only of the small dimensions of the objects but of the specific way of interaction between nano-objects. The interactions of building blocks within these nanosystems will be studied and optimized on the femtosecond time scale - says Sergey Egorov, President and CEO of Del Mar Photonics, Inc. Thus we put a lot of our efforts and resources into the development of new Ultrafast Dynamics Tools such as our Femtosecond Transient Absorption Measurements system Hatteras. Whether you want to create a new photovoltaic system that will efficiently convert photon energy in charge separation, or build a molecular complex that will dump photon energy into local heat to kill cancer cells, or create a new fluorescent probe for FRET microscopy, understanding of internal dynamics on femtosecond time scale is utterly important and requires advanced measurement techniques.


Del Mar Photonics featured customer Christien A Strydom

Making sense of measurements in femtochemistry
Speaker / Author: Christien A Strydom1
Co-author(s): L.R. Botha2, A. du Plessis2, S. Obinda-Lemboumba2
1School of Chemistry, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520,
South Africa
2CSIR National Laser Centre, Meiring Naude Road, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa


Chemical bonds break, form and change position in the three dimensions with ultra fast
speed. These transformations are dynamic processes involving the mechanical motion of
electrons and atomic nuclei. In order to measure the processes over a distance of an angström,
the average time required is ~100 femtoseconds (fs). Femtochemistry is the field of study
where atomic motions as reactions occur are investigated [1]. Femtosecond resolution (10-15
seconds) and intervention is needed to study and control the dynamics of chemical bond
formation and breakage on an atomic level.
Making sense of the measurements in this time domain is complex and needs to be done in an
indirect manner. As 21st century electronics is not able to measure within femtoseconds,
variations in the optical path length of the laser beams are used to obtain time resolution.
Timing is accomplished by generating pump and probe laser pulses from a common source
and sending either the pump or probe pulse along an adjusted optical path. The path length
difference relates to the time difference as both pulses move at the constant speed of light
(2.999792 x 108 m/s).
Several pump-probe femtosecond laser activation studies have been done on malachite green
and it was decided to verify the experimental set-up using this activation process. Measured
pump-probe signals have shown that malachite green has an ultra short electronic excited
state lifetime [2]. Transient absorption signals of malachite green in an ethanol solution
pumped at 580 nm and probed at 620nm have shown a fast kinetic process with a time
constant of approximately 2.1 ps [3]. In this paper we report on results obtained with
malachite green using a newly commissioned pump-probe femtosecond laser system.

Full article


Monitoring the intermediate (transient) concentration using a time delayed probe pulse

pump-probe femtosecond laser system.

Full article


The overlap of pump and probe beams. The probe beam is split into a signal and the reference part.



pump-probe femtosecond laser system.

Full article

A Ti: sapphire oscillator (Coherent Mira-optima 900-F oscillator) and amplifier (Coherent
Legend-F with repetition rate 1 KHz) at 795 nm produces ultra short laser pulses with pulse
duration of 117 fs. This beam is split by a beam splitter into pump and probe parts (90 %
transmitted and 10 % reflected). The probe beam is sent to a variable optical delay line,
which is set on a precision translation stage controlled by a computer. The optical delay is
necessary in order to get a real-time rapid-scan acquisition by temporally changing the pump
and probe beam overlap in the sample [12,13]. The probe beam is then focused on a sapphire
plate (1-2mm thick [12,13]) to generate a white light super continuum. A short pass filter is
placed on the probe path in order to suppress the strong residual peak at 800 nm from the Ti:
sapphire laser.
The probe beam then is split into two beams, giving reference and signal beams. The signal is
focused on the sample in such a way it that overlaps spatially with the pump beam in the
liquid sample while the reference beam is sent through the sample as indicated in Figure 5.
The pump pulse is sent through an optical parametric amplifier (TOPAS C - OPA) in order to
obtain a wide tuning range of the pump beam (530-20000 nm). After the OPA a chopper is
inserted in the pump beam path to record spectra that are classified as pumped and not
pumped, thereby reducing background effects. For detecting the transient absorption, a
spectrometer combined with a photodiode array (PDA) is used.



Pump-probe femtosecond laser experimental setup

pump-probe femtosecond laser system.

Full article

1. A.H. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. A , 104, 24, 2000, pp. 5660 – 5694.
2. Y. Nagasawa, Y. Ando, A. Watanabe and T. Okada, Applied Physics B, 70, 2000, pp. S33-S34.
3. G. Schweitzer, L. Xu, B. Craig and F.C. DeSchryver, Optics Communication, 142, 1997, pp. 283-288.
6. V. Letokov, Laser Control of Atoms and Molecules, 2007, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 978-0-19-852816-6, p. 225.
7. J.S. Baskin and A.H. Zewail, J. Chem.Ed., 78, 6, 2001, pp. 737 – 751.
8. H.Y. Chen, I.R. Lee and P.Y. Cheng, Review of scientific instrument, 77, 2006, p. 076105.
9. M. Dantus and P. Gross, “Ultrafast spectroscopy”, Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, 22, 1998.
10. N.E. Henriksen, Chem Soc. Rev., DOI: 10.10139/b100111f
11. G.D. Reid and K. Wynne, “Ultrafast Laser Technology and Spectroscopy”.
Encyclopedia of Analytical chemistry, R.A. Meyers (Ed), 2000, pp 13644-13670.
12. G. Cerullo, C. Manzoni, L. Luer and D. Polli, Photochemical & photobiological sciences, 6, 2007, pp 135-144.
13. C.C. Gradinaru, I.H.M. van Stokkum, A.A. Pascal, R. van Grondelle and H. van Ameronen, J. Phys. Chem., 104, 2002 , pp 9330-9342.
14. M. Fukuda, O. Kajimoto, M. Terazima and Y. Kimura. J. Mol. Liquids, 134, 2007, pp. 49-54.

Del Mar Photonics

Related Del Mar Photonics products

Femtosecond Lasers

Trestles femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser
Trestles Finesse femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser with integrated DPSS pump laser
Teahupoo Rider femtosecond amplified Ti:Sapphire laser
Mavericks femtosecond Cr:Forsterite laser
Tamarack femtosecond fiber laser (Er-doped fiber)
Buccaneer femtosecond OA fiber laser (Er-doped fiber) and SHG
Cannon Ultra-broadband light source
Tourmaline femtosecond Yt-doped fiber laser 

Femtosecond pulse measurement instrumentation

Reef scanning and single shot femtosecond autocorrelators
Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction (SPIDER)
Rincon third order femtosecond cross-correlator (third order autocorrelator TOAC) also referred to as contrastmeter

Ultrafast Dynamics Research Tools

Beacon femtosecond fluorescence up-conversion (optical gating) spectrometer
Hatteras Ultrafast Transient Absorption Spectrometer

Femtosecond Systems and Accessories

Femtosecond Micromachining
Femtosecond nanophotonics
Femtosecond NSOM
Pacifica femtosecond fiber laser based terahertz spectrometer
Pismo pulse picker (ultrafast electro-optical shutter)
Wavelength conversion: second and third harmonics generators for femtosecond lasers
Jibe white light continuum generator
Kirra Optical Faraday Rotators and Isolators

Laser accessories

Diffractive Variable Attenuator for high power lasers
Deformable mirrors - active elements for adaptive optics systems
ShaH - the family of fast, accurate and reliable wavefront sensors
Complete adaptive optics systems
Faraday rotators and isolators for high-power (up to 1kW) laser beams
SAM - Saturable Absorber Mirrors
High repetition rate DPSS lasers


Product Data Sheets

Del Mar Photonics Product brochures - Femtosecond products data sheets (zip file, 4.34 Mbytes) - Del Mar Photonics

Send us a request for standard or custom ultrafast (femtosecond) product

Pulse strecher/compressor
Avoca SPIDER system
Buccaneer femtosecond fiber lasers with SHG Second Harmonic Generator
Cannon Ultra-Broadband Light Source
Cortes Cr:Forsterite Regenerative Amplifier
Infrared cross-correlator CCIR-800
Cross-correlator Rincon
Femtosecond Autocorrelator IRA-3-10
Kirra Faraday Optical Isolators
Mavericks femtosecond Cr:Forsterite laser
OAFP optical attenuator
Pearls femtosecond fiber laser (Er-doped fiber, 1530-1565 nm)
Pismo pulse picker
Reef-M femtosecond scanning autocorrelator for microscopy
Reef-RTD scanning autocorrelator
Reef-SS single shot autocorrelator
Femtosecond Second Harmonic Generator
Spectrometer ASP-100M
Spectrometer ASP-150C
Spectrometer ASP-IR
Tamarack and Buccaneer femtosecond fiber lasers (Er-doped fiber, 1560+/- 10nm)
Teahupoo femtosecond Ti:Sapphire regenerative amplifier
Femtosecond third harmonic generator
Tourmaline femtosecond fiber laser (1054 nm)
Tourmaline TETA Yb femtosecond amplified laser system
Tourmaline Yb-SS femtosecond solid state laser system
Trestles CW Ti:Sapphire laser
Trestles femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser
Trestles Finesse femtosecond lasers system integrated with DPSS pump laser
Wedge Ti:Sapphire multipass amplifier